# แบบทดสอบเรื่องไฟฟ้า (ภาษาอังกฤษ)

ตัวอย่างแบบทดสอบ วิชา ฟิสิกส์  ที่เป็นภาษาอังกฤษ

ให้นักเรียนลองแปลและหาคำตอบตามความเข้าใจของตน  ใครทำข้อไหนได้ก็ตอบเลยครับ (ในช่องแสดงความคิดเห็น)

1. The electrical force between charges is strongest when the charges are
A) The electric force is constant everywhere.
B) far apart.
C) close together.

a. C) close together.
b. B) fall closer together.
c. C) loosely bound.
d. A) none of these

2. The energy acquired by a particle carrying a charge equal to that on the electron as a result of moving through a potential difference of one volt is referred to as
A) a joule.
B) an electron-volt.
C) a proton-volt.
D) a coulomb.

a. B) an electron-volt.
b. A) negative.
c. C) electrical
d. D) a negative ion.

3. The unit of electric charge, the coulomb, is the charge on
A) a specific number of neutrons.
B) a specific large number of electrons.
C) one electron.
D) a quark.
E) a neutron.

a. B) an electron-volt.
b. B) a specific large number of electrons.
c. E) protons than electrons.
d. B) the electrical repulsion.

4. A balloon will stick to a wooden wall if the balloon is charged
A) None of the above choices are correct.
B) negatively.
C) either positively or negatively.
D) positively.

a. B) Positively charged
b. C) either positively or negatively.
c. A) positive ion.
d. C) positively charged.

5. Which of the following is not a vector?
A) electric line of force
B) electric field
C) electric force
D) electric potential

a. D) zero for both.
b. B) an electron-volt.
c. A) electric charge
d. D) electric potential

6. Two charges are separated by a distance d and exert mutual attractive forces of F on each other. If the charges are separated by a distance of d/3, what are the new mutual forces?
A) 9F
B) F/9
C) 3F
D) F/3

a. D) 50 V
b. D) 2v
c. B)
d. A) 9F

7. What are the units of the Coulomb constant k, which appears in Coulomb’s law?
A) Nm^2/C^2
B) Nm/C
C) N/C
D) N^2m/C^2

a. A) A
b. D) 2v
c. A) Nm^2/C^2
d. A) – – +

8. Which of the following is not a vector?
A) electric charge
B) electric field
C) electric force
D) electric line of force

a. C) electrical
b. B) Positively charged
c. A) electric charge
d. E) charge.

9. An uncharged pith ball is suspended by a nylon fiber. When a negatively charged rubber rod is brought nearby, without touching it, the pith ball
A) None of the above choices are correct.
B) in unaffected.
C) is repelled by the rod.
D) becomes charged by induction.
E) becomes polarized.

a. C) close together.
b. E) the same.
c. E) charge.
d. E) becomes polarized.

10. A small charged ball is accelerated from rest to a speed v by a 500 V potential difference. If the potential difference is changed to 2000 V, what will the new speed of the ball be?
A) 16v
B) 4v
C) v
D) 2v

a. A) 9F
b. A) A
c. D) 50 V
d. D) 2v

11. Electric field lines near positive point charges
B) circle clockwise.
C) circle counter-clockwise.

a. A) conductors.
b. E) repel or attract.
c. C) close together.

12. Materials in which the electrons are bound very loosely to the nuclei and can move about freely within the material are referred to as
A) conductors.
B) semiconductors.
C) superconductors.
D) insulators.

a. A) energy.
b. C) a proton.
c. D) by induction
d. A) conductors.

13. A solid block of metal in electrostatic equilibrium is placed in a uniform electric field. Give a statement concerning the electric field in the block’s interior.
A) The interior field points in a direction opposite to the exterior field.
B) There is no electric field in the block’s interior.
C) The interior points in a direction that is parallel to the exterior field.
D) The interior field points in a direction that is at right angles to the exterior field.

a. B) electric field and gravitational field.
b. B) become uniformly distributed on the sphere’s outer surface.
c. B) There is no electric field in the block’s interior.
d. A) The top surface is charged positively.

14. Sphere A carries a net positive charge, and sphere B is neutral. They are placed near each other on an insulated table. Sphere B is briefly touched with a wire that is grounded. Which statement is correct?
A) Sphere B is now negatively charged,
B) Sphere B is now positively charged.
C) The charge on sphere B cannot be determined without additional information.
D) Sphere B remains neutral.

a. D) conservation of charges
b. A) Sphere B is now negatively charged,
c. C) positively charged.
d. A) electric charge

15. The model of the atom shows a
A) nucleus consisting of both protons and electrons, surrounded by a cloud of neutrons
B) nucleus consisting of both protons and neutrons, surrounded by a cloud of electrons.
C) nucleus consisting of both electrons and neutrons, surrounded by a cloud of protons.
D) neutrally charged nucleus surrounded by both protons and electrons.

a. A) electrons that surround the nucleus.
b. C) is a whole-number multiple of the charge of one electron.
c. B) nucleus consisting of both protons and neutrons, surrounded by a cloud of electrons.
d. B) a specific large number of electrons.

16. Two charges separated by one meter exert 1-N forces on each other. If the charges are pushed to 1/4 meter separation, the force on each charge will be
A) 8 N.
B) 4 N.
C) 16 N.
D) 1 N.
E) 2 N.

a. C) 16 N.
b. A) A
c. A) – – +
d. B) volt.

17. s it possible to have a zero electric field value between two positive charges along the line joining the two charges?
A) cannot be determined without knowing the separation between the two charges
B) No, a zero electric field cannot exist between the two charges.
C) Yes, regardless of the magnitude of the two charges.
D) Yes, if the two charges are equal in magnitude.

a. E) None of the above choices are correct.
b. A) Sphere B is now negatively charged,
c. A) No, a zero electric field cannot exist between the two charges.
d. C) Yes, regardless of the magnitude of the two charges.

18. A negatively charged balloon sticks to a wooden door. However, an uncharged balloon does not stick to a wooden door. What is the nature of the charge on the wooden door?
A) Lacking protons
B) Positively charged
C) Conductor
D) Electrically neutral

a. C) positively charged.
b. B) Positively charged
c. A) electric charge
d. A) positive ion.

19. A conductor differs from an insulator in that a conductor
A) none of these
B) has more energy than an insulator.
C) has more electrons than protons.
D) has faster moving molecules.
E) has more protons than electrons.

a. A) – – +
b. A) none of these
c. C) Wet skin
d. C) close together.

20. An atom has more electrons than protons. The atom is
A) a superconductor.
B) impossible.
C) a positive ion.
D) a negative ion.

a. C) a proton.
b. D) by induction
c. D) a negative ion.
d. A) positive ion.

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# แบบทดสอบศัพท์ภาษาอังกฤษ เรื่อง ไฟฟ้าสถิต

ลองศึกษาความหมายของคำศัพท์วิทยาศาสตร์ เรื่อง ไฟฟ้าสถิต ว่า คำอธิบายในแต่ละข้อหมายถึง คำใด (ข้อใด)

Static Electricity Test

1. something that lets electrons flow easily. It lets electricity move in a circuit.
a. conductor
b. conduction
c. insulator
d. induction

2. If an electron is added to a netural atom,it will have an overall ________ charge
a. negative
b. positve
c. induction
d. Neutrons

3. make up the rest of the nucleus, are neutral
a. Protons
b. Electrons
c. Neutrons
d. atoms

4. If an electron is removed from a neutral atom, it will have a overall _________ charge
a. positve
b. Protons
c. atoms
d. negative

5. the charging of items through touching objects, or the movement of electricity through touching objects.
a. induction
b. Conductor
c. conduction
d. Neutrons

6. 1) 2 objects of the same charges repel
2) 2 objects of opposite charges attact
a. Static Electricity
b. Electrons
c. Electrostatics
d. the law of electrostatics…

7. a _______ is a material that does not allow electric charges to move easily.
a. insulator
b. Conductor
c. Neutrons
d. induction

8. Electrons moving from one place to another by friction
a. static charge
b. induction
c. Electrons
d. Static Electricity

9. a ________ uses friction to produce a large static charge on a metal dome.
a. Van de Graaff generator
b. negative
c. insulator
d. Conductor

10. A charge being generated in a neutral object by a nearby charged object that does not touch.
a. Conductor
b. conduction
c. insulator
d. induction

11. negative charges roaming around the nucleus
a. Electrostatics
b. Electrons
c. Protons
d. Neutrons

12. is a material that does allow electric charges to move more easily.
a. Conductor
b. insulator
c. conduction
d. induction

13. make up part of the nucleus, and are postively charged
a. Electrons
b. Protons
c. atoms
d. Neutrons

14. all matter is made of tiny particles called _____
a. negative
b. atoms
c. Neutrons
d. Protons

15. Stationary charge. Build up of electrons on an object, or a lack of electrons on an object.
a. negative
b. insulator
c. static charge
d. Static Electricity

16. refers to a excess of charges that stay in place on a material
a. static charge
b. static electricity
c. Electrons
d. Electrostatics

17. a material that does not allow electrons to move through it easily
a. Conductor
b. induction
c. negative
d. insulator

18. the study of non-moving charges
a. negative
b. Neutrons
c. Electrons
d. Electrostatics